In Image Capital, Estelle Blaschke and Armin Linke explore the history and present of photography as information technology. The project evolves over the course of 2022 and 2023, and takes three different shapes: a traveling exhibition; an online database; and a printed book. 

The database assembles images, films, quotes, exhibition views and articles by guest authors. The printed book is a thematic reader and will appear in autumn 2023. Image Capital is published by intercomverlag, an academic publishing collective in Zurich, specialising in hybrid formats between web and print, the humanities and art, university and the public.




Estelle Blaschke is a photography historian. She holds a professorship for photographic media at the University of Basel and teaches photography history and theory at ECAL Lausanne. She received her doctorate from EHESS / Paris I Sorbonne and was a fellow at the Max-Planck-Institute for the History of Science in Berlin. From 2015 to 2020 […]

Estelle Blaschke is a photography historian. She holds a professorship for photographic media at the University of Basel and teaches photography history and theory at ECAL Lausanne. She received her doctorate from EHESS / Paris I Sorbonne and was a fellow at the Max-Planck-Institute for the History of Science in Berlin. From 2015 to 2020 she was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Lausanne, and in 2017 a visiting scholar at the University of Southern California. She is the author of the book Banking on Images: The Bettmann Archive and Corbis (Spector Books, 2016) and a member of the editorial board of the scientific journal Transbordeur. Photographie, Histoire, Société. In 2019, she edited the Photographie et technologies de l‘information (Transbordeur no.3), with Davide Nerini. 

Armin Linke is a photographer and filmmaker combining a range of contemporary image processing technologies to blur the border between fiction and reality. Linke indagates the formation—so called Gestaltung—of the natural, technological and urban environment in which we are living. Armin Linke ́s oeuvre—photographs and films—function as tools to become aware of the different design strategies. Through working with his own archive, as well as with other media archives, Linke challenges the conventions of photographic practice, whereby the questions of how photography is installed and displayed become increasingly important. In a collective approach with other artists, as well as with curators, designers, architects, historians, philosophers and scientists, the narratives of his works expand on the level of multiple discourses. Linke has served as a research affiliate at the MIT Visual Arts Program, guest professor at the IUAV Arts and Design University in Venice, and professor for photography at the Karlsruhe University for Arts and Design. Currently Armin Linke is guest professor at ISIA, Urbino (IT).




Authors: Estelle Blaschke & Armin Linke
Curators: Thomas Seelig, Francesco Zanot, Florian Ebner and Anne-Marie Beckmann


Project management and coordination, Armin Linke Studio: Martina Pozzan and Kati Simon
Production: Chiara Badiali, Maria Anna Cramm, Olga Frydryszak-Retat, Nadine Isabelle Henrich, Luca Marenzi, Marie-Luise Mayer, Matthias Pfaller, Marina Rotondo, Cornelia Siebert, Jaël Steiner and Petra Steinhardt 
Graphic design and website development: Laure Giletti and Gregory Dapra (Eurogroupe)
Exhibition design: Martina Pozzan and Martha Schwindling
Exhibition architecture consultancy: Antonas Office
Image printing: Elena Capra

Video recording: Giulia Bruno, Laura Fiorio and Armin Linke
Video/audio editing and post-production: Giulia Bruno, Giuseppe Ielasi, Armin Linke and Martina Pozzan
Printing assistance and studio archive: Paola Spagnuolo
Copyediting: Estelle Blaschke and Vanessa Vasić-Janeković
Translation: Matthias Pfaller, Nikolaus G. Schneider EN > DE
Proofreading: Amanda Gomez EN, Nikolaus G. Schneider DE

Publisher: intercom Verlag 
Open access publication: image-capital.com 

We would like to thank the following institutions for lending us exhibits: ADS8 Data Matter, Royal College of Art; Biblioteca dell’Archiginnasio, Biblioteche di Bologna – Comune di Bologna; Istituto; European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva, Switzerland; École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL); Museum Folkwang, Girardet-Archiv, Essen; Historisches Archiv Krupp, Essen; Istituto Geografico Militare (IGM), Firenze / Italian Military Geographic Institute (IGMI), Florence; Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz – Max-Planck-Institut (KHI); Luna Rossa Prada Pirelli Team, Cagliari; Meta Office, Delft.

Estelle Blaschke and Armin Linke would like to express their gratitude to the Museum Folkwang, the Friends of the Photography Collection at Museum Folkwang, the Istituto Italiano di Cultura, the Fondazione MAST, the University of Basel, the Centre Pompidou and the Deutsche Börse Photography Foundation for their generous support in realising this ambitious project, and especially to Peter Gorschlüter, Thomas Seelig, Isabella Seràgnoli, Francesco Zanot, Laurent Le Bon, Florian Ebner and Anne-Marie Beckmann. The research project was partly made possible with the support of the Rockefeller Foundation, The Huntington Library, Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz – Max-Planck-Institut, and Arts at CERN, as part of its Guest Artists program. 

Image Capital was first presented in an early iteration at the Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, and was awarded the Kubus.Sparda Art Prize in 2019.

Estelle Blaschke and Armin Linke would like to thank all the institutions, individuals, authors and interview partners who have contributed to this project.

Special thanks to:
Radhakrishna Achanta, Patrick Andrä, Aristide Antonas, Hannah Baader, Banca d’Italia, Roma / Bank of Italy, Rome; Bartoli Stefano Cornici, Tullio Basaglia, Mónica Bello, Ann-Christin Bertrand, BNP Paribas, Paris; Lauritz Bohne, Hans Brandhorst, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton; Ben Burbridge, Giulia Caponnetto, Andrea Cantile, Costanza Caraffa, CNRS, Marseille; Edo Collins, Alessandra Curti, Kamil Hilmi Dalkir, Andrea Degenhardt, Ewald de Koning, Antonella Del Rosso, Ute Dercks, Rhiarna Dhaliwal, Livio di Luca, George Eastman House, the Legacy Collection; Neriman Emre, Faculty of Architecture at TU Delft, Khalid Fahad; Franco Farinelli, Maria Fidecaro, Forschungszentrum Jülich; Paul Frosh, Peter Galison, Carlos Gonzalez, Stefanie Grebe, Elena Grigoryeva, Ulrike Groos, Sabine Gruber, Nils Güttler, Nadine Isabelle Henrich, Dirk Helmrich, Hannes Hergath, Hilti Deutschland, Hilti Italia, Susanne Holschbach, IBM Corporate Archives, Poughkeepsie, New York; Wenzel Jakob, Peter Jenni, Fengping Jin, Frédéric Kaplan, Casper Kleiman, Bastian Koller, Selim Krichane, Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, Tamino Kuny, Laboratoire de Recherche des Monuments Historiques, Champs-sur-Marne; Thomas Lippert, Adam Lowe, Olivier Lugon, Marinus Luiten, Olivier Malavergne, Clara Maldini, Reinhard Matz, Paul Mellenthin, Kristel Michielsen, Víctor Muñoz Sanz, Museum für Naturkunde Berlin; Simone C. Niquille, Olga Oschatschy, Ippolito Pestellini Laparelli, Matthias Pfaller, Vice comandante Generale Giuseppe Poccia, Dennis Pohl, Meiny Prins, Priva, De Lier; Reality Capture, Michael M. Resch, Anna Chiara Reupke, Sandrine Reyes, Niki Rhyner, Michele Righini, Eleonora Rossi, Gent Shehu, Lea Scherer, Reinhard Schmidt, Sebastian Schmidt, Alexander Schug; Bernhard Schurian, Sarah Scott Kubiak, Steffen Siegel, Heidi Specker, Colonnello Maurizio Sperti, Raymundo Stadelmann, Max Stadler, Leslie Stauffer, Gesine Steiner, Alberto Stievanin, Estela Suarez, Sabine Süsstrunk, Ter Laak Orchids, Wateringen; Pietro Tornabene; University of Rochester, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation (RBSCP), Kodak, Historical Collection; University of Stuttgart, High-Performance Computing Center (HLRS), Stuttgart; Caroline van den Berg, vistamare Milano / Pescara, Georg Vrachliotis, Jan Westra, Dennis Willsch; Madita Willsch, Gerhard Wolf, Uwe Wössner, Arthur Zalewski, Amir Zamir, Edward Zammit



Armin Linke, Estelle Blaschke